Raspberry Pi is a single board computer (SBC) which have capabilities to work like a general Desktop/Laptop computer can do. Plus it can be use to play with a lot of peripherals like LED, sensors, motors, etc to make DIY projects using on board GPIO Pins. Overall you will have a great experience working with a Pi.
#1. Required Items :
- Raspberry Pi 3 Model B Motherboard
- 8GB Class 10 Micro SD Card
- Power Supply Adapter
- HDMI Cable \ HDMI to VGA Cable
- Native LCD Display 800*480 Px (Optional)
- Wireless KeyBoard and Mouse (Optional)
#2. Downloadables :
#3. Backstage Preparation :
- Install SD Card formatter and format your SD card. If you face any problem refer this link
- Install Win32 Disk Imager and choose Raspbian OS.
- After writing the image on SD card insert the SD card on Raspberry Pi SD card slot.
- Plug the monitor, mouse and keyboard to Raspberry Pi and power on the board.
#4. Setting Up Raspberry Pi :
- Power On your machine. When booting is completed login prompt will appear.
- Type “pi” in raspberry pi login and press enter. Default password is “raspberry”. Then type “startx” to load the Graphical User Interface(GUI).
- To start with your new OS you can open terminal by clicking on Menu > Accessories > Terminal.
- Type in “sudo raspi-config”. (sudo is a command in Linux which gives you superuser privilege which is needed sometimes for run some commands)
- Select Expand Filesystem to expand the available free space on SD card. This is basically re-partitioning your SD card. When you write the OS image on your SD card a partition is created which can not be used until you re-partition it.
- Select Change user password to change the password if you want.
- Select Internationalization options to set time zone, language, keyboard layout (Set keyboard layout to US English).
- To connect to a network click on WiFi icon on top right side of computer monitor screen.
- Type in terminal “hostname -I” to check your network IP address.
- To check available RAM go to Menu>Accessories>Task Manager.
- Check available space. Type in terminal — “df -h”.
- To update system packages type in terminal “sudo apt-get update”.
- Upgrade os “sudo apt-get dist-upgrade”.
- Update firmware “sudo rpi-update”.
- Shutdown type — “sudo halt”. Reboot — “sudo reboot”.
- Check os version — “cat /etc/os-release”.
- If there is an error in executing any command just type sudo before it.
- Change time zone — “dpkg-reconfigure tzdata”. Or to update date and time manually type — sudo date -s “Fri Nov 03 12:04 IST 2017” (This is for example. IST is Indian Standard Time. Use the time zone of your country in that place).
- Type in terminal — “gpio readall” to show gpio pin configuration.
- Always remember to do updates on regular basis.
Now basic setup for your Raspberry Pi is done. There are lots of software available in Raspbian pre-installed which you can use like Python, Scratch, Sonic Pi, Sense Hat emulator, Wolfram, Mathematica, few python based games pre-installed. So enjoy working with Pi. Hope this tutorial helps. For any further problem or problem related to this tutorial fell free to ask. Have a great experience.